Elastisch is a battle tested, small but feature rich and well documented Clojure client for ElasticSearch. It supports virtually every Elastic Search feature and has solid documentation.

2.0.0 is a major release, which focuses on the new features in ElasticSearch 1.1/1.2 and introduces major API improvements, including a breaking change.

Changes between Elastisch 1.4.0 and 2.0.0

Connection/Client As Explicit Argument

Starting with Elastisch 2.0.0-rc1, connection (client) is no longer a shared dynamic var but rather is an explicit argument that relevant API functions accept.

Before the change:

  (:require [  :as esr]
            [ :as esi]
            [ :as esd]))

(defn -main
  [& args]
  (esr/connect! "")
  (let [mapping-types {"person" {:properties {:username   {:type "string" :store "yes"}
                                              :first-name {:type "string" :store "yes"}
                                              :last-name  {:type "string"}
                                              :age        {:type "integer"}
                                              :title      {:type "string" :analyzer "snowball"}
                                              :planet     {:type "string"}
                                              :biography  {:type "string" :analyzer "snowball" :term_vector "with_positions_offsets"}}}}
        doc           {:username "happyjoe" :first-name "Joe" :last-name "Smith" :age 30 :title "Teh Boss" :planet "Earth" :biography "N/A"}]
    (esi/create "myapp2_development" :mappings mapping-types)
    (esd/create "myapp2_development" "person" doc)))

After the change:

  (:require [  :as esr]
            [ :as esi]
            [ :as esd]))

(defn -main
  [& args]
  (let [conn          (esr/connect "")
        mapping-types {"person" {:properties {:username   {:type "string" :store "yes"}
                                              :first-name {:type "string" :store "yes"}
                                              :last-name  {:type "string"}
                                              :age        {:type "integer"}
                                              :title      {:type "string" :analyzer "snowball"}
                                              :planet     {:type "string"}
                                              :biography  {:type "string" :analyzer "snowball" :term_vector "with_positions_offsets"}}}}
        doc           {:username "happyjoe" :first-name "Joe" :last-name "Smith" :age 30 :title "Teh Boss" :planet "Earth" :biography "N/A"}]
    (esi/create conn "myapp2_development" :mappings mapping-types)
    (esd/create conn "myapp2_development" "person" doc)))

Dynamic var reliance has been a major complaint of Clojure users for quite some time and 2.0 is the right time to fix this.

Options As Maps

Elastisch has tranditionally accepted options as (pseudo) keywrod arguments, e.g.

(doc/search index-name mapping-type :query (q/term :biography "say"))

Starting with 2.0.0-beta4, passing a single map of arguments is now also supported by nearly all document, index, admin and percolation functions:

(doc/search index-name mapping-type {:query (q/term :biography "say")})

As a new design rule, all new API elements (e.g. aggregations) will accept a single map of options.

GH issue: #59.

ElasticSearch Client Update

ElasticSearch client has been upgraded to 1.2.x.

ElasticSearch 1.0/1.1/1.2 Compatibility

One of the main goals of Elastisch 2.0 is ElasticSearch 1.2 compatibility. This includes minor API changes (in line with ElasticSearch 1.0 API and terminology changes) and moderate internal modifications.

Snapshotting Support in Native Client

Native client now supports snapshotting (updated for ElasticSearch 1.2) with the same Clojure API as the REST client (all the usual API conventions apply).

Response Helpers Compatible With ES 1.1 and clojurewerkz.elastisch.native.response/created? were adapted for recent ES releases.

Contributed by Oliver McCormack (The Climate Corporation).

Percolation of Existing Documents (REST API)

REST API client now supports percolation of existing documents:

(require '[ :as pcl])

(pcl/percolate-existing "articles" "article" "123")

Clojure 1.6

Elastisch now depends on org.clojure/clojure version 1.6.0. It is still compatible with Clojure 1.4 and if your project.clj depends on a different version, it will be used, but 1.6 is the default now.

Type Exists Operation

types-exists support in both rest and native clients:

(require '[ :as esi])

(esi/type-exists? "an-index" "a-type")

Contributed by Halit Olali.

(Improved) Aggregation Support

Elastisch 2.0 features multiple convenience functions for working with ElasticSearch aggregations.

clojurewerkz.elastisch.aggregation is a new namespace that contains helper functions that produce various types of aggregations. Just like clojurewerkz.elastisch.query, all of the functions return maps and are optional. is a new function that returns aggregations from a search response:

(require '[ :as doc])
(require '[clojurewerkz.elastisch.query :as q])
(require '[clojurewerkz.elastisch.aggregation :as a])
(require '[ :refer [aggregations-from]])

(let [index-name   "people"
        mapping-type "person"
        response     (doc/search index-name mapping-type
                                 :query (q/match-all)
                                 :aggregations {:min_age (a/min "age")})
        agg          (aggregation-from response :min_age)]
    (is (= {:value 22.0} agg)))

Aggregations support is primarily focused on REST client at the moment.

clj-http Update

clj-http dependency has been upgraded to version 0.9.1.

Support for cluster nodes stats and info REST APIs and are new administrative functions that provide access to ElasticSearch cluster stats and node info.


(require '[ :as admin])

(admin/nodes-stats :nodes "_all")
(admin/nodes-stats :nodes ["node1" "node2"] ["indices" "os" "plugins"])

(admin/nodes-info :nodes "_all")
(admin/nodes-info :nodes ["node1" "node2"] ["indices" "os" "plugins"])

See ElasticSearch nodes stats documentation, nodes info page, and node specification page for more info.

Contributed by Joachim De Beule.

Support for _cluster/state REST API

Added ( & {:as params})


(require '[ :as admin])

(admin/cluster-state :filter_nodes true)

See ElasticSearch documentation for more info.

Contributed by Joachim De Beule.

Support for _cluster/health REST API

Added ( & {:as params})


(require '[ :as admin])

(admin/cluster-health :index "index1")
(admin/cluster-health :index ["index1","index2"])
(admin/cluster-health :index "index1" :pretty true :level "indices")

See ElasticSearch documentation for more info.

Contributed by Joachim De Beule.

Support for analyze in REST API client

Added (doc/analyze text & {:as params})

See ElasticSearch documentation for more info.


(require '[ :as doc])

(doc/analyze "foo bar baz")
(doc/analyze "foo bar baz" :index "some-index-name")
(doc/analyze "foo bar baz" :analyzer "whitespace")
(doc/analyze "foo bar baz" :tokenizer "keyword" :filters "lowercase")
(doc/analyze "foo bar baz" :index "some-index-name" :field "some-field-name")

Contributed by Joachim De Beule

Query String Escaping

clojurewerkz.elastisch.query/query-string accepts a new option, :escape-with, which is a function that performs escaping of special characters in query string queries.

By default clojurewerkz.elastisch.escape/escape-query-string-characters is used.

Contributed by Ben Reinhart (Groupon).

Full Change Log

Elastisch change log is available on GitHub.

Thank You, Contributors

Kudos to Halit Olali, shmish111, and Richie Vos for contributing to the 2.0 release.

Elastisch is a ClojureWerkz Project

Elastisch is part of the group of libraries known as ClojureWerkz, together with

  • Langohr, a Clojure client for RabbitMQ that embraces the AMQP 0.9.1 model
  • Monger, a Clojure MongoDB client for a more civilized age
  • Cassaforte, a Clojure Cassandra client
  • Titanium, a Clojure graph library
  • Neocons, a client for the Neo4J REST API
  • Welle, a Riak client with batteries included
  • Quartzite, a powerful scheduling library

and several others. If you like Elastisch, you may also like our other projects.

Let us know what you think on Twitter or on the Clojure mailing list.

About the Author

Michael on behalf of the ClojureWerkz Team